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Lesson 9 - Opuestos (Opposites)
Navigation: Home Course Lesson 9 → Adjectives
Pages in this lesson: Opposites - Adjectives - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn how to use adjectives in Spanish.



Grammar Lesson

Gender of adjectives

In Spanish adjectives that end in a letter O (indicating that they are in the masculine form) change to an A with feminine nouns. Adjectives that don't end in a letter O, generally don't change with feminine nouns. With adjectives that end in the letter R, however, add the letter A to the word to make it feminine.

  • Examples:
  • nuevo → nueva
  • trabajador → trabajadora

Singular and Plural Adjectives

If you use an adjective with a plural noun, change the adjective to the plural form by adding the letter S if the adjective ends in a vowel or ES if it ends in a consonant.

  • Examples:
  • nuevo → nuevos
  • trabajador → trabajadores

Position of Adjectives

When you use an adjective together with a noun, the adjective generally goes after the noun it is modifying.

  • Examples:
  • Es un carro nuevo. = It's a new car.
  • Ella es una maestra trabajadora. = She is a hard-working teacher.



Section 1
Use the words provided to write a sentence about the picture. Add a form of the verb ser (es/son) or estar (está/están) and make the adjective agree in gender and quantity (singular/plural) with the noun. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

      la tortuga/lento → La tortuga es lenta.


1. el guepardo/ser/rápido        
    guepardo = cheetah



2. el carro/ser/nuevo        
    carro = car



3. la pluma/ser/ligero        
    pluma = feather



4. las botellas/estar/vacío        
    botellas = bottles



5. el hombre/estar/mojado        
    hombre = man




Section 2
Add one of the adjectives you learned in the opposites lesson to the sentences below. Put the adjective after the noun and make it agree in gender and quantity (singular/plural) with the noun.

      Es un caramelo. → Es un caramelo barato.


1. Es un anillo.        
    anillo = ring



2. Es una actividad.        
    actividad = activity



3. Ella tiene pelo.        
    pelo = hair



4. Es un problema matemático.        
    problema matemático = math problem



5. Es una paleta.        
    paleta = popsicle



6. Es un carro.        
    carro = car



7. Es un carro.        



Find the Mistake

Find the mistake in the sentence and re-write it correctly in the space. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

  • Example:
  • Ella son inteligente. → Ella es inteligente.

1. Es una limpia casa.        

2. Los libros son barato.        

3. Las maestras son trabajadores.        

4. La clase es fácila.        

5. Las sillas está sucias.        



Write some sentences using the opposite words you learned.

  • Examples:
  • Es una clase difícil.
  • La computadora es nueva.

If you want to type a special character (like an accented letter) in the comments section, you could do one of the following . . .

  • Select and copy the character that you need → á é í ó ú ü ñ ¿ ¡ Á É Í Ó Ú Ü Ñ « »
  • Use special codes on your computer if you have numeric keypad (instructions HERE).
  • Type your sentences into the text box below and use the special character buttons provided. Then select and copy your text and paste it into the comments section.

  Don't forget to paste your text into the comments section below!

If you see an error in someone else's sentence, please respond with the correction. Comments that are not from "Janet Castrejon" (the author of this page) do not represent Simplified Spanish. If someone is writing inappropriate comments on this webpage, please send a message to [email protected] and include the page that you saw the comment on.




Lesson 9 - Opuestos (Opposites)
Opposites - Adjectives - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz




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