Facebook Instagram Twitter


Lesson 4 - ¿Cómo estás? (How are you?)
Navigation: Home Course Lesson 4 → Dialogue
Pages in this lesson: Question Words - estar - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn adjectives to describe emotions and conditions in Spanish.


Emotions and Conditions in Spanish

Dialogue Lesson

Adjectives of Emotion and Condition

If there are two Spanish words, the first is the masculine form, and the second is the feminine form (masculine | feminine). If there is only one Spanish word, that is the form used for both men and women. Unlike English, adjectives are made plural when referring to two or more people (Ellos están contentos). To make the plural form, follow the rules that you learned in the Plural Lesson. Click on the adjective to hear the pronunciation.



Select the correct translation.

 1. scared       

 2. jealous       

 3. bored       

 4. tired       

 5. anxious       

 6. in love       

 7. confused       

 8. angry       

 9. excited       

10. content       

11. happy       

12. nervous       

13. stressed       

14. busy       

15. frustrated       

16. sad       

17. proud       

18. worried       

19. surprised       

20. calm       


Key Vocabulary

The following is a list of key vocabulary that you will need to know to understand the lesson. Click on the word to hear the pronunciation.

1. at work       

2. you need       

3. big       

4. some vacation days       

5. a project       

6. another, other       

7. I was       

8. again       

9. a job       

10. on vacation       

11. last week       

12. already       

13. a lot       



► Listen to the dialogue

Select the adjectives that describe how Lucia feels.

  • estresada
  • feliz
  • preocupada
  • tranquila
  • contenta
  • ansiosa



Now read the dialogue.

► Listen to the dialogue

  • PABLO - Hola, Lucía. ¿Cómo estás?
  • LUCÍA - Estoy estresada. Tengo mucho trabajo. Tengo un proyecto grande en el trabajo, y estoy preocupada.
  • PABLO - Eres muy trabajadora. Necesitas unas vacaciones.
  • LUCÍA - Estuve de vacaciones la semana pasada, y ya estoy ansiosa otra vez.
  • PABLO - ¡Oh no! Necesitas un trabajo diferente.
  • LUCÍA - Es cierto. Necesito otro trabajo.



Dictations are great for practicing listening and spelling in Spanish. Click on "Listen" to hear the dictation of a sentence. The sentence will be read once quickly and then repeated slowly with pauses to write the words. Write the sentence in the textbox. Click on "Check" to check your answer. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

1. ► Listen

2. ► Listen

3. ► Listen

4. ► Listen

5. ► Listen



Describe your current feelings using the verb estar and the adjectives that you learned on this page. You can also write sentences about your friends and family.

  • Examples
  • Estoy contenta.
  • Mi mamá está preocupada.

If you want to type a special character (like an accented letter) in the comments section, you could do one of the following . . .

  • Select and copy the character that you need → á é í ó ú ü ñ ¿ ¡ Á É Í Ó Ú Ü Ñ « »
  • Use special codes on your computer if you have numeric keypad (instructions HERE).
  • Type your sentences into the text box below and use the special character buttons provided. Then select and copy your text and paste it into the comments section.

  Don't forget to paste your text into the comments section below!

If you see an error in someone else's sentence, please respond with the correction. Comments that are not from "Janet Castrejon" (the author of this page) do not represent Simplified Spanish. If someone is writing inappropriate comments on this webpage, please send a message to [email protected] and include the page that you saw the comment on.


"Letter to a friend" reading


Lesson 4 - ¿Cómo estás? (How are you?)
Question Words - estar - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz




Course   -   Words   -   Teachers

Pronouns   -   Pronunciation   -   Verbs

Vocabulary   -   Grammar