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Lesson 23 - Quehaceres Domésticos (Housework)
Navigation: Home Course Lesson 23 → Obligation Verbs
Pages in this lesson: Housework - Obligation Verbs - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn obligation verbs in Spanish.

dirty dishes

Obligation Verbs

Grammar Lesson

Obligation verbs are verbs that are used to tell what you have to do. There are four obligation verbs in Spanish - necesitar, deber, tener que and hay que.


The obligation verb necesitar means "to need." It is a regular -ar verb.

  • necesito, necesitas, necesita, necesitamos, necesitáis, necesitan
  • Necesito sacar la basura. = I need to take out the trash.


The obligation verb deber means "must." It is a regular -er verb.

  • debo, debes, debe, debemos, debéis, deben
  • Debes cortar el césped. = You must cut the grass.

tener que

The obligation verb tener que means "have to." The verb tener is an irregular verb.

  • tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tenéis, tienen
  • Tenemos que poner la mesa. = We have to set the table.

hay que

The obligation verb hay que means "one must." It is used to talk about in general what one must do, not talking about a specific person. It is always used in the form hay que.

  • Hay que tender la cama en la mañana. = One must make the bed in the morning.



Section 1
Write the translation. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

1.   Javier needs to clean the house.        

2.   The children have to make the beds.        

3.   Sara must load the dishwasher.        

4.   One must mow the lawn.        

5.   Ana has to dust the furniture.        

6.   Juana and Antonia need to sweep.        

7.   Pablo must fold the clothes.        

8.   One must water the plants.        

9.   Paula and I need to vacuum.        

10.   The children have to set the table.        

11.   Carlos must dry the dishes.        

12.   The students need to mop.        

13.   Carolina must iron.        

14.   One must rake the leaves.        

15.   Hugo needs to pick up the trash.        

16.   Manuel has to wash the dishes.        

17.   Alma must empty the dishwasher.        

18.   Juan has to take out the trash.        


Find the Mistake

Find the mistake in the sentence and re-write it correctly in the space. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

  • Example:
  • Ella son inteligente. → Ella es inteligente.

1. Necesitamos a trapear.        

2. Ellos hay que tender la cama.        

3. Tenemos que bareer.        

4. Tengo a aspirar.        

5. Nesesitas limpiar la casa.        



Write one sentence using each of the obligation verbs that you learned on this page.

  • Examples:
  • Necesito cargar el lavavajillas.
  • Mi hermana debe sacar la basura.

If you want to type a special character (like an accented letter) in the comments section, you could do one of the following . . .

  • Select and copy the character that you need → á é í ó ú ü ñ ¿ ¡ Á É Í Ó Ú Ü Ñ « »
  • Use special codes on your computer if you have numeric keypad (instructions HERE).
  • Type your sentences into the text box below and use the special character buttons provided. Then select and copy your text and paste it into the comments section.

  Don't forget to paste your text into the comments section below!

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Lesson 23 - Quehaceres Domésticos (Housework)
Housework - Obligation Verbs - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz




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