Lesson 11 - Ropa (Clothes)
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Pages in this lesson: Clothes - -ar verbs - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn how to conjugate -ar verbs in present tense. Learn common regular -ar verbs.
The verb hablar (to speak) has been conjugated in the table below as an example of a regular present tense -ar verb. The -ar at the end of the infinitive form of the verb is dropped and the ending (in red letters in the table) is added.
|Subject pronouns||Form of hablar||English translation|
|usted, él, ella||habla||you speak/he speaks/she speaks|
|nosotros, nosotras||hablamos||we speak|
|vosotros, vosotras||habláis||you speak (used in Spain only)|
|ustedes, ellos, ellas||hablan||you speak/they speak|
Note: Remember that the subject pronoun doesn't necessarily have to be used in a sentence if it is clear who the subject is based on the context or verb form. For example, with the verb hablo, it is obvious that the subject is yo so the subject is generally not used. The subject may still be used, however, for emphasis.
Here are some other common regular -ar verbs. Click on the verbs in the table below to hear the pronunciation and repeat.
|► ayudar||to help|
|► bailar||to dance|
|► caminar||to walk|
|► cantar||to sing|
|► comprar||to buy|
|► cortar||to cut|
|► dibujar||to draw|
|► enseñar||to teach|
|► escuchar||to listen|
|► estudiar||to study|
|► hablar||to speak|
|► limpiar||to clean|
|► llevar||to take, to wear|
|► mirar||to look at, to watch|
|► nadar||to swim|
|► practicar||to practice|
|► trabajar||to work|
|► usar||to use, to wear|
|► viajar||to travel|
|► visitar||to visit|
Select the correct translation.
Select the correct form of the verb for the subject.
Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb for the subject.
Use the words below to write a present tense sentence. Put the verb in the correct tense. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.
To make a verb negative in Spanish, you just add the word "no" before the verb.
Change the sentence to negative. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.
To form yes/no questions in Spanish, you just change the word order by putting the verb first. If there is no subject (the verb is already first), all you need is to put question marks. In Spanish an upside-down question mark (¿) is used at the beginning of the question as well as a regular question mark (?) at the end. In some sentences the subject can go right after the verb or at the end of the sentence. If a verb has an object or adverb, however, the subject usually goes after the object or adverb. You will notice in the examples below that there is no translation for the auxiliary verbs do and does. They do not exist in Spanish.
Often Spanish-speakers don't even change the word order for a question. They use the normal sentence word order and just add question marks (to written text) and question intonation (to spoken questions).
To make questions with question words, the question word comes first, then the verb and then the subject (unless the question word is taking the place of the subject).
Write the question in Spanish. If you need to review the question words, you can study them in Lesson 4 - Question Words. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.
Find the mistake in the sentence and re-write it correctly in the space. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.
Write a sentence with each of the verbs from the table of -ar verbs on a piece of paper. For more practice, try writing some negative sentences and/or questions with the verbs.
Write five sentences in the present tense with verbs that you learned on this page.
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