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Lesson 13 - Meses y Estaciones (Months and Seasons)
Navigation: Home Course Lesson 13 → Present -ir verbs
Pages in this lesson: Months & Seasons - Present -ir verbs - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn how to conjugate -ir verbs in present tense. Learn common regular -ir verbs.


Present tense -ir verbs

Grammar Lesson

Verb Forms

The verb abrir (to open) has been conjugated in the table below as an example of a regular present tense -ir verb. The -ir at the end of the infinitive form of the verb is dropped and the ending (in red letters in the table) is added.

The verb abrir (to open)
Subject pronouns Form of abrir English translation
yo abro I open
abres you open
usted, él, ella abre you open/he open/she open
nosotros, nosotras abrimos we open
vosotros, vosotras abrís you open (used in Spain only)
ustedes, ellos, ellas abren you open/they open

Note: Remember that the subject pronoun doesn't necessarily have to be used in a sentence if it is clear who the subject is based on the context or verb form. For example, with the verb abro, it is obvious that the subject is yo so the subject is generally not used. The subject may still be used, however, for emphasis.

Notice that some of the endings for -ir verbs are the same as for -er verbs. Only the nosotros and vosotros forms are different.

Common regular -ir verbs

Here are some other common regular -ir verbs. Click on the verbs in the table below to hear the pronunciation and repeat.

Common regular -ir verbs
Verb Translation
► abrir to open
► añadir to add
► aplaudir to applaud
► compartir to share
► confundir to confuse
► cubrir to cover
► decidir to decide
► describir to describe
► escribir to write
► existir to exist
► imprimir to print
► incluir to include
► insistir to insist
► interrumpir to interrupt
► ocurrir to happen, to occur
► permitir to allow, to permit
► prohibir to prohibit
► recibir to receive
► subir to go up
► vivir to live



Section 1
Select the correct translation.

1.   to applaud      

2.   to add      

3.   to confuse      

4.   to share      

5.   to open      

6.   to describe      

7.   to cover      

8.   to exist      

9.   to decide      

10.   to write      

11.   to insist      

12.   to interrupt      

13.   to happen, to occur      

14.   to print      

15.   to include      

16.   to receive      

17.   to allow, to permit      

18.   to go up      

19.   to prohibit      

20.   to live      



Section 2
Select the correct form of the verb for the subject.

1. Yo      

2. Ella      

3. Nosotros      

4. Tú      

5. Él      

6. Usted      

7. Ellos      

8. Ustedes      

9. Vosotros      



Section 3
Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb for the subject.

1. Él (añadir)      

2. Tú (compartir)      

3. Yo (cubrir)      

4. Santiago (decidir)      

5. Valentina y yo (ocurrir)      

6. Los estudiantes (permitir)      

7. Ustedes (prohibir)      

8. Natalia (recibir)      

9. Ellos (subir)      

10. Los maestros (vivir)      


Find the Mistake

Find the mistake in the sentence and re-write it correctly in the space. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

  • Example:
  • Ella son inteligente. → Ella es inteligente.

1. Los estudiantes compartir los libros.        

2. Imprimemos los documentos.        

3. Describéis la situación.        

4. Ellos no permitin los teléfonos.        

5. ¿Dónde vivires?        


More Practice

Write a sentence with each of the verbs from the table of -ir verbs on a piece of paper. For more practice, try writing some negative sentences and/or questions with the verbs.



Write five sentences in the present tense with verbs that you learned on this page.

  • Examples:
  • Vivo en California.
  • El profesor escribe en el pizzarón.

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Lesson 13 - Meses y Estaciones (Months and Seasons)
Months & Seasons - Present -ir verbs - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz




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