Lesson 21 - Deportes (Sports)
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Pages in this lesson: Sports - Present Progressive - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn the present progressive in Spanish.
The present progressive tense is used to tell what is happening at this moment. To form the present progressive, you use a form of the verb estar and the present participle (known as a "gerund" or gerundio in Spanish). Present participles are words that end in -ing in English (like walking).
First, let's review the forms of the verb estar.
|Subject pronouns||Form of estar||English translation|
|usted, él, ella||está||you are/he is/she is|
|nosotros, nosotras||estamos||we are|
|vosotros, vosotras||estáis||you are (used in Spain only)|
|ustedes, ellos, ellas||están||you are/they are|
The present participle for -ar verbs is formed by dropping the -ar and adding -ando. The present participle for -er and -ir verbs is formed by dropping the -er or -ir and adding -iendo.
|Infinitive||Present participle||English translation|
|hablar (to speak)||hablando||speaking|
|correr (to run)||corriendo||running|
|abrir (to open)||abriendo||opening|
Write the verb in the present participle form (with -ando or -iendo).
There are a small number of verbs that are irregular in the present progressive tense.
If a verb ends in a vowel and then -er or -ir, the present participle will end in -yendo, instead of -iendo.
With most verbs with an e → i or e → ie stem change, the letter E changes to an I in present participle form.
With some verbs with an o → ue stem change, the letter O changes to a U in the present participle form.
Verbs that end in a letter E and then -ir (-eir) AND that have a e → i stem change lose the letter E from the stem.
Write the verb in the present participle form. These verbs all have irregular participle forms that follow the rules described above.
To form the present progressive tense, you combine the verb estar with a present participle.
Write sentences in the present progressive form using the noun and verb provided. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.
Find the mistake in the sentence and re-write it correctly in the space. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.
Write five sentences in the present progressive tense about what people are doing.
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