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Lesson 17 - La Ciudad (The City)
Navigation: Home Course Lesson 17 → Prepositions of Location
Pages in this lesson: City - Prepositions of location - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz
This page: Learn the prepositions of location in Spanish. Interactive lessons with audio to hear the pronunciation of the words.

cat in a box

Prepositions of Location

Grammar Lesson

Click on the prepositions in the table below to hear the pronunciation and repeat.

Prepositions of Location in Spanish
Preposition of Location Translation
► en in
► dentro de inside
► fuera de outside
► cerca de close to
► lejos de far from
► debajo de below, under
► encima de on top of
► al lado de next to
► entre between, among
► delante de ahead of
► detrás de behind
► enfrente de in front of (opposite)*
► a la derecha de to the right of
► a la izquierda de to the left of

*The preposition delante de (ahead of) generally means that both objects or people are going in the same direction (like when you're waiting in a line), whereas enfrente de (in front of) generally means that they are opposite each other (facing each other) or in some other position but with one in front of the other. When you talk about a house being across the street from your house, you would use enfrente de because the houses are facing each other (with the street in the middle). They are opposite each other.

enfrente de               delante de

Note: Many of these prepositions of location can be used as adverbs if you remove the de.

  • Examples:
  • La casa está cerca. - The house is close. (adverb)
  • La casa está cerca de la escuela. - The house is close to the school. (preposition of location)

As you can see in these examples, prepositions are connecting words. In this sentence, the preposition "close to" (cerca de) connects the extra information of the position of the house in relation to the school. Adverbs are used by themselves to modify the verb.



Section 1
Select a preposition of location that describes where the red X is in relation to the blue box.


      next to






      in front of












      far from



      in front of



      on top of









      to the right



      to the left



Section 2
Write the Spanish translation of the preposition of location.

1. in front of (ahead of)        

2. in front of (opposite)        

3. below, under        

4. in        

5. inside        

6. behind        

7. far from        

8. on top of        

9. between, among        

10. to the right of        

11. to the left of        

12. outside        

13. close to        

14. next to        



Section 3
Select a preposition of location to complete the sentence and describe where the item is in the picture.

      Picture #1

el carro = the car   |   la casa = the house   |   el árbol = the tree   |   el perro = the dog   |   el sol = the sun   |   el cielo = the sky
del = contraction of "de" and "el" (of the)

1.   El carro está de la casa.

2.   La casa está del carro.

3.   La casa está el árbol y el perro.

4.   El árbol está de la casa.

5.   El perro está de la casa.

6.   El sol está el cielo.


      Picture #2

el gato = the cat   |   la mesa = the table   |   el florero = the flower vase   |   las flores = the flowers

7.   El gato está de la mesa.

8.   El florero está de la mesa.

9.   Las flores están del florero.


      Picture #3

la canasta = the basket   |   la bicicleta = the bicycle   |   la nube = the cloud   |   la pelota = the ball

10.   La canasta está de la mesa.

11.   El árbol está de la bicicleta.

12.   La bicicleta está del árbol.

13.   El perro está la bicicleta y la mesa.

14.   La nube está el cielo.

15.   La pelota está la mesa.


Find the Mistake

Find the mistake in the sentence and re-write it correctly in the space. Don't forget to use correct capitalization, accents and punctuation, or the computer will mark it as incorrect.

  • Example:
  • Ella son inteligente. → Ella es inteligente.

1. El carro está enfrente la casa.        

2. La bicicleta está detrás de el árbol.        

3. El carro está entre de la casa y el árbol.        

4. El banko está al lado del cine.        

5. El hombre está en la estatión de tren.        



Describe where things are in your house.

  • Examples:
  • La computadora está encima de la mesa.
  • El carro está dentro del garaje.

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Lesson 17 - La Ciudad (The City)
City - Prepositions of location - Dialogue - Reading - Quiz




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